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The basic definition of a political party is any group holding similar views on governance and wish to obtain control of a government in order to put their policy into action. Parties communicate continuously with all members who represent them.
Political parties in India are extra constitutional i.e beyond the provisions of a constitution. The Indian model has loopholes which have existed for years and has only aggrandized with time.
- Given the fact the Indian Constitution is one of the longest, the constitution fails to say anything in relation to political parties.
- Most of the parties are openly caste and religion based.
- Their finances are unreliable.
- Almost all the parties the Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Samajwadi Party, the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, the Indian Union Muslim League, etc. are family fiefdoms.
- No periodical in-party elections.
Political parties in developed nations have very high levels of internal democracy, which seems to be lacking in Indian parties.
India could choose to follow the German model because of how it fixes almost all the loopholes present. A few features of the model include:
- Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany (1949) gives constitutional status to political parties.
- Article 21 of the Basic Law deals with their status, rights and duties.
- Parties must publicly account for their finances and its sources.
- Also states that if parties seek to destroy the free democratic basic order, they shall be unconstitutional.
- Details of parties regulated by federal law.
Indian politics is one of the most interesting and deep rooted with its own history of good and bad.
If the decision to make parties constitutional following the German Model is decided, it reduces the demur citizens have as well. It also improves in party democracy and decommunalises them.
This article has been written by Riya Rajayyan for The Paradigm.
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