Why are the people of Chile Demanding a Referendum?

International Oct 14, 2020
  • Referendum is a general vote by the electorate on a single political question which has been referred to them for a direct decision. On October 25th, Chile is going to make a veritable decision to vote on whether they want a new constitution and, if so, how would they like to bring a change about.
  • With rampant inequality, the citizens have urged the leaders to ponder upon this prevailing problem and provide a solution.
  • A year after intense protests swept throughout Chile, citizens felt that such a move was long overdue.
  • With the falling government, distrust in the leaders, and fragmented political system, people urged for a new constitution.
  • If the vote for constitutional change wins, then elections will be held in April 2021, to establish an assembly to draw up a new constitution within 12 months.

Why are the citizens asking for such a substantial change?

  • Tracing back the events that led to this significant outcome is an ingrained problem, with prevailing social injustice.
  • Recent castigating protests were sparked against the political elite and avarice leaders. Ensconced in their impactful position of power, increasing corruption scandals and infringement were omnipresent in Chile.
  • On the other hand, falling trust in the country’s political system and declining voter turnout was a matter of grave concern.
  • Socioeconomic inequality has always been a substantial part, for several decades. Protests were ongoing for a very long time but these were driven, along with the support of more and more people.
  • With their aim at the dilatory leaders and enfeeble spheres of the economy, the people sought to clear the ostensible megalomania of the puerile elite.
  • Besides, there was evidence of illegal financing of political campaigns, involving a majority of the leaders.
  • In recent years, Chile’s political center has been rather precarious, facing a progressive collapse of the traditional political party system.
  • A recent survey shows that 64% of the respondents are planning to vote and 74% of the people support the idea of changing the constitution.
  • As the need for a definitive change progresses, if there is a vote for constitutional change, it will likely include new rules on equality and institutional strength of the government.

This article has been written by Jahnavi Rathore for The Paradigm

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