Provisions for Platform Workers, labour Code, and Issues With Them
Recently three new labour codes were passed by the parliament acknowledging platform and gig workers as a new occupational category in making.
The main problem is that the terms ‘gig worker’, ‘platform worker’ and ‘gig economy’ are not defined within connection with their wages. So, the new Code on Social Security allows a platform worker to be defined by their vulnerability and not their labour, nor the vulnerabilities of platform work.
In this Code on Social Security, 2020, platform workers are now eligible for benefits like maternity benefits, life and disability cover, old age protection, provident fund, employment injury benefits, and so on. But the benefits are not secure! That means from time to time, the Central government can formulate welfare schemes that cover these aspects of personal and work security, but they are not guaranteed.
Implementing these benefits would depend on the political will at the Central and State government.
The language of the code implies that platform companies can be called upon to contribute either solely or with the government.
So the main question is that, is the move really beneficial for the railway and gig workers? or it would end up filling pockets of the politicians or corrupt bureaucrats, or it could lead to exploitation of the workers by the private players who wouldn’t want to comply with the codes, and it could also be a new dawn for these workers with the benefits like maternity benefits, life and disability cover, old age protection, provident fund, employment injury benefits, etc., these are the benefits that would completely change their perception of their job and make their life more valued.
But this all would happen only if these codes are implemented or else this would be one of the many bills that were pass and weren’t implemented.
This article has been written by Yashovardhan Tiwary for The Paradigm
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