What is the LAC disengagement between India and China?

Conflicts Oct 14, 2021

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LAC(Line Of Actual Control) is a boundary or demarcation line separating the Indian and Chinese territory. It runs to 50-100 km, maintained by the armies of China and India. The three regions that are a part of the LAC are Eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh), Western (Ladakh, Kashmir), Middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh).

Standoffs arise as there is no clear demarcation line between the countries which has led to the rise of border disputes. The Chinese government considers the LAC to be around 2,000 km, while India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long.

On July 31 2021,12th round of talks took place after which the disengagement process was completed in Gogra which was seen as a welcome move towards the restoration of peace and tranquility.

The Barahoti sector in Uttarakhand had been crossed by China's People Liberation Army which consisted of about 100 soldiers.This incursion happened on the 30th of August 2021, the Chinese troops had entered the Indian territory, damaged the infrastructure and went back after which the Border Police Personnel were deployed in the area.

Discussions took place in the 13th India-China Corps Commander Level Meeting in Chushul-Mordo on 10th October 2021 at the Chinese LAC. Indian and the Chinese military leaders met to resolve the military standoff along LAC at Eastern Ladakh but ended in vain. The Indian Government said that the conflicts along the LAC were due to the Chinese attempts in violating the bilateral agreements.

The statement read that constructive suggestions were made by India, but China refused to agree and did not make any forward-looking proposals." We expect that the early resolution of the remaining issues would take place abiding the bilateral statements and protocols,” the statement added.

In response to this statement, People's Liberation Army (PLA) Western Theater Command spokesperson Senior Colonel Long Shaohua said,” Due to the unrealistic demands of India, there were negotiation difficulties. China wants to ease the situation at the border, maintaining the interests of the bilateral military relations.”

Despang, Hot Spring and Demchok are the three critical areas in the recent reports of Chinese intrusion in the Barahoti area of Uttarakhand and Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh mentioned in the 13th round of the talks.

The Y junction occupied by the Chinese concerned India as Y junction has the Durbuk-Shyok-Daulat Begh Oldi (DSDBO) road located 7 kilometres from the road head. DSDBO road remains a matter of concern as forces in Despang and Daulat Begh Oldi Airbase can be cut off if the DSDBO road gets cut.

China demands the Indian forces disengagement in the areas including the DSDBO road to remove the Chinese forces from the friction points, but India wants withdrawal of the Chinese forces first and then from the in-depth areas.

On conclusion...

India told China to maintain peace and stability as LAC disengagement remained unfinished and to avoid future conflicts.

Bipin Rawat, General of India's Combined Defence Services(CDS)said,” When troops are in proximity, there is an escalation in the situation, de-escalation is wanted by the commanders as soon as possible, and I think we will succeed in what we are trying to achieve. Although it is a slow process, we will achieve it in the times to come,"he added.

This Article has been written by Renitha for The Paradigm.

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