What happened in the presidential election in Iran?

Democracy Jun 29, 2021

The new President of Iran has been chosen. The polls took place on 18 June. Ebrahim Raisi has taken Iran's presidency. It is described as a victory over evil propaganda.

Raisi won more than 60 percent of the votes and came out victorious in this race. A total of 17.8 million votes were cast out of 28.6 million. This is a major victory for Raisi. The previous president, Hassam Rouhani, congratulated his successor. The other two presidential candidates, Abdolnaser Hemmati and Mohsen Rezaee conceded defeat and congratulated Raisi before it was even officially announced.

Candidates for the election

According to reports, 600 people have signed up to be president. Only 40 candidates were shortlisted amongst the 600 candidates. After this, seven candidates were granted approval from which three pulled out of the race. Four candidates remained to be considered.

  1. Ebrahim Raisi (Chief Justice of Iran)
  2. Amir-Hossein Ghazizadeh Hashmi (First vice-speaker of the parliament)
  3. Mohsen Rezaei ( Secretary of Expediency Discernment Council)
  4. Abdolnaser Hemmati (ex-governor of the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran)

Appeals have been made for a boycott of the presidential election. People were also threatened and told to refrain from voting. About 4 million votes were declared null.

Who is Ebrahim Raisi?

Ebrahim Raisi, who is 60 years old, will be joining the office of president in August. Earlier, Raisi was given responsibilities in various positions. He served most of his career for the Iranian judiciary. He became the custodian of Astan Quds Razavi, one of the richest charity trusts,  in 2016. He served as Iran's chief justice in 2019.

Raisi said in his speech that poverty and corruption are the first things he will tackle when he comes to the office.

The election system of Iran

Iran elects its President for four years. The president occupies the second most important position in Iran. First is the Supreme leader. Ali Khamenei has held supreme leadership in Iran since 1989.

The supreme leader is the person who makes all the decisions on any important matter. Iran’s population is around 85 billion of which 60 million are eligible for voting. 90 percent of the population in Iran is Shia Muslims. Iran has a legislature and judiciary as well.

The council of guardians controls the elections in Iran. The council of guardians consists of 12 members. They decide who can stand for the presidency.

Problems in front of the new president

Iran is already struggling with many serious issues. Milk prices went up by 90 percent. Prices for electronics also reached the sky. The country is already facing a major economic fall. Oil exports are in poor shape too. The relationship between Iran and foreign nations is not very good. Iran's currency, the rial, has dropped as well. With a dollar, you can purchase over 42,000 rials.

The world and the Iranians will be waiting to find out what problems are going to be solved by the new president.

Will Ebrahim Raisi bring some change to the country? Is Iran going to improve its relations with other countries?

This article has been written by Omer Khan for The Paradigm

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