Suicides have been prowling on the human society for as long as human existence. It is in fact the top 13 reasons for death all across the world given by the World Health Organization (WHO). India recorded an average of 381 suicides daily in 2019 totaling 1, 39,123 fatalities over the year, according to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data. In 2019, India witnessed a 3.4 per cent increase in the numbers compared to 2018(1, 34,516) and 2017(1, 29,887). According to the statistics by the NCRB, which functions under the Union Home Ministry, the suicide rate in cities (13.9 per cent) was higher as compared to all-India suicide rate (10.4 per cent) in 2019. Majority of suicides were reported in Maharashtra (18,916), followed by 13,493 in Tamil Nadu, 12,665 in West Bengal, 12,457 in Madhya Pradesh and 11,288 in Karnataka, accounting for 13.6 per cent, 9.7 per cent, 9.1 per cent, 9 per cent and 8.1 per cent of total such deaths, respectively.
The most prominent categories which commit suicide are students and farmers.
Student suicide has risen to 28 lives daily. In approximation, we can say that every hour a student is giving up their life. The NCRB data shows that 10,159 students died by suicide in 2018, an increase from 9,905 in 2017, and 9,478 in 2016. Maharashtra holds the highest rate of suicide among all the other states and university with 4 students committing suicide in a day.
Going forward to the farmers, According to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data on accidental deaths and suicides, 10,281 farmers committed suicide in 2019, down from 10,357 in 2018. Even though we have noticed a slight downfall, it is still a desponding number.
So after knowing all these facts, a question most certainly arises, “what can we do to prevent suicides?” Well, the answer is effortless to identify and state, but strenuous to execute. The solution to this problem would be the promotion of mental health. Psychological reasons are a famous cause of suicide. Whether it be bad results in competitive exams for young adults, marriage failure for spouses or crops turning out bad a year for farmers, these are some examples of the factors contributing to suicidal ideation. The view that suicide cannot be prevented is commonly held even among health professionals. Many beliefs may explain this negative attitude. Chief among these is that suicide is a personal matter that should be left for the individual to decide. Another belief is that suicide cannot be prevented because its major determinants are social and environmental factors such as unemployment over which an individual has relatively little control. However, for the overwhelming majority who engage in suicidal behaviour, there is probably an appropriate alternative resolution of the precipitating problems. Suicide is often a permanent solution to a temporary problem.
Mental health promotion can be as large as conducting campaigns and as minute as listening to your child’s problems. We all need to make sure that positive mentality is spread all across India.
This article has been written by Suhania Nowal for The Paradigm
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