It is observed that the literacy rate of a country directly has an impact on its development.
- What is literacy?
In this era of rapid growth, literacy can be considered as a key to one's livelihood. Literacy rate of a country directly has an impact on its development. Greater the rate of literacy in the country, greater is its degree of development.
UNESCO (the international organizational body that aims at boosting cooperation in education, the sciences, and culture in various parts of the world) defines literacy as the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts.
- Why is it important?
Unlike the earlier times, the young generation today needs to transform themselves from just being students to socially engaged citizens. This is where the fine line in education and literacy merge for the social well being.
Literacy means being aware of the current events, effective communication and to understand the issues that are shaping our world.
It’s not the bookish knowledge alone that can help you step out of the well, but the practical use of this knowledge in the crucial moment is what makes it beneficial. However, if one is completely unaware of the existing concept, they are as good as the nomadians.
- How does it impact society and a country overall?
Literacy is a gift to every individual to rise out of poverty. It creates endless opportunities to develop skills that helps them earn their own living.
Improving literacy facilitates employment whereby both males and females can contribute, helping the wider economy and community to thrive.
Educating the people of the contagious, non-contagious, seasonal, virus or any other sort of health problems has proven to decrease the rate of deaths. This has also considerably decreased the infant mortality rates.
Improving literacy not only has a positive impact at a local or community level, but also enhances a country’s economic strength.
- Who is involved in this development?
When it comes to national development, every single resident of the country has to strive to make it a better place.
Developing the skills and knowledge of the labour force has been considered as promoting national economic growth.
On a bigger picture, education can help lead a safe and secure life. Preventing wars and terrorism, enforcement of law and order, women empowerment, encouraging invention, innovation and creativity are just the by-products of the literate society.
- When and where does this happen?
Time and again, the Governmental bodies have promoted the spread of literacy through various actions and schemes. The Midday Meal Scheme (1995), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (2001), National Program for Education of Girls at Elementary Education (2003), Right to Education Act (2009), Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (2015) and many more steps have significantly leveled up India, the developing nation.
The Association for Childhood Education International, Education International, The Global Partnership for Education, Plan International, Save the Children, UNESCO, UNICEF are some international bodies that take initiatives to promote literacy worldwide, hence developing countries, communities and societies.
This article has been written by Pooja Varade for The Paradigm
See you next time...