ANALYSIS OF COLD WAR
- At the turn of the millennium, after world war 2, two nations with impenetrable economies unfeigned the most modernized developments that put them against each other.
- Quite abstruse, the cold war was a period of geopolitical tensions between the USA and the Soviet Union.
- With political, economic, and propaganda fronts, this war was an ostensibly open yet constricted rivalry.
- As the tensions between the two nations escalated, the situation soon turned into a downright mess, as their allies played a pivotal element in exacerbating the grim situation.
- This was known to be the cold war, as the USA and the Soviet Union were not directly involved in a confrontation, but tensions were soaring high.
How did the cold war start?
- Both countries had different ideologies, the USA supported capitalism, whereas the Soviet Union supported communism and full government control.
- They were at loggerheads due to the rising enemy, Hitler, that sought to take on the entire world.
- In June 1950, the Soviet-backed North-Korean People’s Army invaded its western neighbor to the south. Many American officials feared an impending disaster and influence; they deemed that intervention was the only option.
- The Soviets responded with the Warsaw pact, a mutual defense pact between the Soviet Union and the other Eastern European countries, expanding rule and control over the soviets.
- The two nations continued antagonizing each other through political maneuvering. But the control under the USSR was languishing, as the citizens soon realized that area under the USA was much more prosperous and free.
- To instill a sense of power, Stalin created a buffer zone that separated mother Russia and rapidly spread to the Eastern European countries, forming a protective zone for the USSR.
- In 1955, America along with the other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation ( NATO) made western Germany a part of the organization and permitted it to remilitarize.
- In this chaos, Berlin was caught up in between the two nations and was in a complete deadlock.
- This containment resulted in many actions, including the US -offered economic assistance and financial aid to west Europe under the Marshall plan in 1968.
- To counter the necessity of war, the US-led airlift, which lasted for approximately 324 days, supplied 13000 tons of supply was a big success.
- Consequently, Stalin dropped off the restriction charges.
- Rising superpowers were well aware of their blooming nuclear progress and also of the mighty destruction it could cause.
- Keeping this in view, the two superpowers soon signed the Nuclear test-ban treaty, which banned above-ground testing of nuclear weapons.
- In the course of the 1960s and 1970s, the ongoing skirmishes between the US and USSR paved a way for a convoluted pattern of international relationships.
- The 1970s saw an ease in the tensions. But particularly in the 1980s, under the leadership of Mikhail S. Gorbachev, efforts for democratizing the rigid Soviet Regime were being undertaken.
- In late 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed and many countries were liberated, including Russia, that sought to democratically rise as a superpower.
- The cold war sparked the beginning of the fall of the Soviet Union, where castigating protests were ubiquitous and led to the abscission of the countries under the rule of the Soviet Union.
This article has been written by Jahnavi Rathore for The Paradigm
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