The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 to tackle some pressing challenges. The goals are built on the principle of “leaving no one behind” and aim at achieving sustainable development for all by 2030. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) which are committed to transforming our world are :
GOAL 1: No Poverty
GOAL 2: Zero Hunger
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
GOAL 4: Quality Education
GOAL 5: Gender Equality
GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
GOAL 13: Climate Action
GOAL 14: Life Below Water
GOAL 15: Life on Land
GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal
The Index for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is used for evaluating the progress of all states and Union Territories on the basis of the parameters mentioned in the SDGs. In India, Niti Ayog launched its first index in 2018 to track the progress and development of the country as per the SDGs. The role of Niti Aayog is to oversee the adoption and monitoring of the SDGs in the country and to promote competitive and cooperative federalism among States and Union Territories . This index shows the overall nature of the global goals of the 2030 Agenda, in line with national priorities.
The SDG India Index 2020–21 is developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India. The Niti Ayog recently released the third edition of the SDG India Index 2020-21. It is also live on an online dashboard, which has cross-sectoral relevance across policy, civil society, business, and academia. The SDG Index Scores ranges between 0-100 and is classified in four categories :
- Aspirant : 0-49
- Performer : 50-64
- Front-Runner : 65-99
- Achiever : 100
As compared to the previous editions, the SDG India Index 2020-21 is more robust, in account of covering more targets and indicators as aligned with the National Indicator Framework, by incorporating 40 percent indicators across 17 SDG targets and 16 SDG goals.
Globally, India’s position has slipped two spots back and is currently at 117 out of 193 United Nations member states . On national level, the overall SDG score improved by 6 points, and is now 66. India ranked 168 out of 180 countries in terms of Environmental Performance Index (EPI) which is calculated on various indicators, related to the environment. India showed improvement in areas like clean energy, urban development and health but on the other hand there has been a major decline in the areas of industry, work, economic growth, innovation and infrastructure. Kerala has again gained the first position for consecutive three years with a score of 75. Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh, have secured the second position with the score of 74. On the other end of the scale, Bihar was the worst performing state with a score of 52. Among the UTs, Chandigarh performed best with a score of 79.
The overall improving score is a motivation for the country and its people to work together in areas lacking behind and aim to achieve all the goals by 2030.
This article has been written by Sharon John for The Paradigm
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