Can army officials be assigned as consultants to combat Maoism?

Conflicts Jul 18, 2021

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The ideology behind the Maoist Movement

Maoism is a type of socialism introduced by Mao Tse Tung. It's nothing but a precept to catch State power through a blend of equipped insurrection, mass activation, and vital unions. The Maoists likewise disseminate misinformation against State organizations as different segments of their “revolt policy”.

Landscape in India

The Maoist movement in India is among the longest and deadliest domestic uprisings that the world has seen. While the creation of Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) in the nation dates back to the Telangana Peasant Movement (1946-51), these advances overwhelmed the public order in 1967.

The convergence of the Communist Party of India (Maoist-Leninist), the People’s War Group(PWG). Maoist Communist Center of India (MCCI) and 40 other equipped groups, into the Communist Party of India (Maoist) in 2004 changed the tide around for the radical. At their pinnacle, the Naxalites were ruling over 200 locales, inciting then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in April 2006 to call the Maoist Movement "the single greatest inner security challenge seen by India."

What is the issue?

  1. The Maoists' objectives -
  • Creating the structure of a "strong mass movement against the government", segregating and crushing the Hindutva-fundamentalist powers.
  • Based on violent agrarian resistance, "the formation of a significant urban movement, especially among the working class," remains elusive.
  1. Maoists follow armed and psychological warfare. From raising funds for weaponry to the recruitment of youths Maoists tend to strike hard for power. Attacks of Chhattisgarh, Sukma-Bijapur are one of the many hardcore assaults inflicted by the Maoists.
  2. When the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) staff endure setbacks in anti-Maoist operations, there is prompt clamor, especially from Army veterans. They say that the preparation and abilities of the CAPF workforce should be made better. They recommend that ex-servicemen from the Army ought to be drafted into the CAPF as advisors for anti-Maoist operations.

Achievements of CAPF

  • As a feature of the Indian Peace Keeping Force, CRPF personnel battled the militants in Sri Lanka.
  • At Sardar Post in the Rann of Kutch in 1965, a tiny CRPF contingent shocked a Brigade strength assault of the Pakistan Army.
  • In Punjab, it was the CRPF close to the Punjab Police that managed the circumstance.
  • The Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA) has inflicted a heavenly part in killing some top Maoist pioneers and continues to incite fear in Maoists.

How substantial is this idea?

  1. The Army has never battled against the Maoists, and they lack the on-ground experience to battle Maoists both strategically and physically which might barricade the flexibility of the operation given the lack of exposure.
  2. The CAPFs in the field, then again, have spent a significant piece of their lives fighting guerillas and radicals. Additionally, The CAPFs have well-established national training centres with top-notch trainers.

Conclusion

After all, strategies are sketched out plans on a piece of paper and ground zero decisions might differ vastly from the strategies, to blur out the differences, the chosen advisors must have an insight of working effectively against Maoists and their allies.

Moreover, CAPF has proven itself many times over and has shown flexibility in its framework which is an indirect result of quality advisors and leadership.

This article has been written by Apurva Kale for The Paradigm.

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