A Brief History of Wars in the Modern Society

History Nov 23, 2020

The intense conflicts between states, governments, societies, mercenaries, insurgents and militias generally involving the use of weapons, military organisations and soldiers are known as wars.

  • What are world wars?

The wars that engage large numbers of countries of the world are termed as world wars. Considering the past times, World war is referred to the two major international conflicts during the 20th century, i.e., World War I (1914 -1918) and World War II (1939 - 1945)

  • Who all were involved?

The nations involved in the wars were divided into two groups. As for the first world war, the Central power grouped Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria; while the Allied power grouped France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and the U.S.

The second world war was between the Axis, that grouped Germany, Italy and Japan, and the Allies that grouped France, Britain, the U.S., the Soviet Union, and China.

  • Why did the previous world wars start?

The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, the heir of the Austria-Hungary, in June 1914, by the Serbian nationalist, triggered the first world war. Militarism, Imperialism, nationalism and the alliance system were the causes of WWI.

The second world war’s causes included political and economic instability in Germany, the harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of power of Adolf Hitler and his alliance with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet Union.

  • How were the wars settled?

After the first world war, the Paris Peace Conference imposed a series of peace treaties on the Central Powers. Amongst them was the Treaty of Versailles, a reason to cause bitterness for Germany acknowledging the responsibility of the war. Also, Austria-Hungary was partitioned into several successor states. The Russian Empire lost much of its western frontier as the newly independent nations.

The outcomes for the second world war included the establishment of the United Nations, the destroyed industrial infrastructure collapsed European economy by 70%, A rapid period of decolonization also took place within the holdings of the various European colonial powers. These primarily occurred due to shifts in ideology, the economic exhaustion from the war and increased demand by indigenous people for self-determination.

  • Is China trying to provoke wars?

The aggressive expansionism, trade warfare, alleged espionage, cyberattacks and COVID-19 propaganda have provoked an increasing resistance toward China to build the world’s next superpower, amongst Britain, India, Japan, Australia, and even among the usually deferential nations of Southeast Asia. The rising tensions between the two superpowers have prompted many experts to warn of a new Cold War.

The next 20 years predicts China's GDP and defence budget exceeding those of the U.S., hence being its competitor. The security interests and military capabilities of China are nearly focused on its surroundings. Possible conflicts might arise involving Korea, Taiwan, one or more countries of Southeast Asia, or India.

This article has been written by Rasik Wadhonkar for The Paradigm

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